NWFG Fungal Foray Freshfield, Sunday 13th April 2014

Report from Tony Carter:  The North West Fungus Group started their spring foray at Freshfield Station. Moving through the mixed woodland a few spring-loving gilled fungi were seen, Clitocybe fragrans (Fragrant Funnel) and the always-present Strobilurus tenacellus (Pinecone Cap) on buried cones. An impressive Exidia glanduosa (Witches Butter) was also seen.

Clitocybe fragrans
Clitocybe fragrans (Fragrant Funnel)

Strobilurus tenacellus














Strobilurus tenacellus (Pinecone Cap)

Exidia glandulosa Freshfield 0414
Exidia glanduosa (Witches Butter)

Most of the finds were of ascomycetes, which shoot their spores from a tube or ascus. Mainly tiny discs and blobs on fallen wood and litter, they are difficult to identify because many are host- specific so it is vital to know the identity of the plant material. Not easy in mixed woodland.

A large stand of old Ulex (Gorse) supported Tremella mesenterica (Yellow Brain), that usually grows in association with the genus of Peniophora, a corticiod (or crust) fungi. Both the pink Peniophora incarnate (Rosy Crust) and the grey P. incarnata were present. Also smaller ascomycetes of which we have been able to identify Proliferodiscus pulveraceus and Orbilia xanthostigma.

Tremella mesenterica Freshfield
Tremella mesenterica (Yellow Brain)

Proliferodiscus pulveraceus
Proliferodiscus pulveraceus

Orbilia xanthostigma
Orbilia xanthostigma

On the dune heathland were numerous Panaeolus cinctulus (Banded Mottlegill) whose existence would be encouraged by the presence of cows. Also Entoloma sericeum (Silky Pinkgill).

Crossing Formby Golf Course on Fishermans’ Path, some more spring species appeared. A large patch of Entoloma clypeatum (Shield Pinkgill) and, close by, some Conocybe aporos (Conecap).

Entoloma clypeatum Formby Golf Club 0414
Entoloma clypeatum (Shield Pinkgill)

Conocybe aporos Formby Golf Club 0414
Conocybe aporos (Conecap)

Reaching the pine woods, we searched through an area that had been clear-felled last year.  The bits and pieces produced some interesting finds. The uncommon resupinate fungus, Gloeoprus taxicola  specialises in colonising fallen conifer branches. The ascomycete, Hyaloscypha leuconica had taken over a fallen cone.

We also turned up some myxomycetes (Slime Moulds) from their warm chambers under piles of logs. Arcyria denudata and Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa being particularly attractive.

Arcyria denudata2 Scutchers Acre 0611
Arcyria denudata

Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa Ainsdale 0414
Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa

Moving along Old Fishermans’ Path we came across Psathyrella spadiceogrisea (Spring Brittlestem). A most interesting find was made while searching through old leaves under Cratageus (Hawthorn) bushes, of Xylaria oxycanthae, a Candlesnuff fungus that grows from buried haws. A new species for the site and to all present.  Probably always there, we have never looked for it before.

Xylaria oxycanthae- Freshfield April 14
Xylaria oxycanthae

Having reached the dunes we turned for home. It was then we made our best find of the day. A rare Inocybe ochroalba (a Fibrecap) for which there are only 23 previous British records. Unfortunately there is no photo because it was not appreciated how rare it was until it was dissected for microscopic examination.

So far, over sixty species have been confirmed but, having regard to the problems of identifying the ascomycetes, it will be some weeks before the list is finalised.

Note that the pictures of the ascomycetes and myxomycetes are x40 taken under the microscope and that the picture of the Xylaria was taken by the finder, S. Pinnington.

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